The State of Arizona has passed a law making it illegal for schools to offer courses based on ethnic groups. In reaction Tucson’s school district has not only closed the courses, but has confiscated the materials used to teach those courses. Apparently, if you are a member of an ethnic group on Arizona, the First Amendment of the Constitution does not apply to you. Your voice doesn’t matter. You cannot be heard.
I often take solace in the fact that I don’t reside in Arizona. I take much less solace in the fact that the same wave of paranoia and meanness that has seized that state is spreading to other states, including several in the Southeast, where governments are stripping teachers and and their students of rights (TN) or practicing racial profiling under the guise of national security (AL).
Matt de la Pena, a YA author, is one of the authors whose work was removed from the classrooms. As Matt says on his blog: “Ironically, I’m scheduled to speak at Tucson High School on March 13. A young female student there spearheaded the whole thing. She went to the administration on her own accord and helped raise funds. She’s a self-admitted reluctant reader, but she was introduced to my books in a class much like the one above, and something clicked. Because of her effort and passion, this has been the visit I’m most looking forward to this year. I can’t wait to meet her.”
Among the books removed from the curriculum:
Little Indians (2004), by S. Alexie
The Fire Next Time (1990), by J. Baldwin
Loverboys (2008), by A. Castillo
Women Hollering Creek (1992), by S. Cisneros
Mexican WhiteBoy (2008), by M. de la Pena
Drown (1997), by J. Diaz
Woodcuts of Women (2000), by D. Gilb
At the Afro-Asian Conference in Algeria (1965), by E. Guevara
Color Lines: “Does Anti-War Have to Be Anti-Racist Too?” (2003), by E. Martinez
Culture Clash: Life, Death and Revolutionary Comedy (1998), by R. Montoya et al.
Let Their Spirits Dance (2003) by S. Pope Duarte
Two Badges: The Lives of Mona Ruiz (1997), by M. Ruiz
The Tempest (1994), by W. Shakespeare
A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (1993), by R. Takaki
The Devil’s Highway (2004), by L. A. Urrea
Puro Teatro: A Latino Anthology (1999), by A. Sandoval-Sanchez & N. Saporta Sternbach
Twelve Impossible Things before Breakfast: Stories (1997), by J. Yolen
Voices of a People’s History of the United States (2004), by H. Zinn
The books confiscated and banned are:
Critical Race Theory, by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic
500 Years of Chicano History in Pictures, edited by Elizabeth Martinez
Message to Aztlán, by Rodolfo Corky Gonzales
Chicano! The History of the Mexican Civil Rights Movement, by F Arturo Rosales
Occupied America: A History of Chicanos, by Rodolfo Acuña
Pedagogy of the Oppressed, by Paulo Freire
Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years, by Bill Bigelow
My question is: Who’s next? Who will be silenced? Whose story will remain unheard?